A simple map showing the shape of Romania


According to the UNHCR, over 1.7 million Ukrainian refugees had entered Romania by the end of August 2022. However, Romania has primarily been a country of transition since 94.9% of Ukrainians who have entered have also departed from Romania to move onward to other countries or back to Ukraine.

Government Response

Romanian authorities have, on numerous occasions, been accused of violent pushbacks. Despite this, Romania is becoming a more frequently used route for PoM. It is considerably easier to enter compared to either Croatia or Hungary if one travels from Serbia. Still, in comparison to other surrounding states, Romania may be easier to enter because it is not part of the Schengen area. There have been numerous reported instances of police brutality, often resulting in bruises, fractures, and broken bones. Romanian officials have on several occasions denied that any pushbacks or violent acts of police brutality have occurred despite the overwhelming evidence.