Five people drowned in the Aegean Sea when a boat sank off the Turkish coast. Since 2014, over 2,200 people have drowned in the eastern Mediterranean, according to the International Organization for Migration.
The Aegean Islands are a group of small Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, located just a few kilometres west of Turkey. Their proximity to the Turkish coast makes them a destination for many people seeking safety in Europe. However, smugglers have employed life-threatening and money-saving tactics, such as using unsuitable boats, providing insufficient fuel to complete the crossing, supplying fake or no lifejackets, and sending boats despite poor sea conditions.
Islands that host refugee camps include Lesvos, Samos, Chios, Leros, Kos, and Crete.
Greece has been moving towards a US-style detention and deportation system. Greece recently took over responsibility for making cash support payments to asylum seekers from the UNHCR but tethered it to detention and cut large numbers of recipients from receiving aid. This is creating a human rights and hunger crisis. A €130 million project funded by the EU commission to build camps on Samos, Kos and Leros is completed. Plans remain to build closed facilities on Lesvos and Chios. Humanitarians have concerns about camp conditions: insufficient access to education for children, insufficient services for residents, restrictions on human rights observation, and limitated freedoms of asylum seekers to come and go.
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Over 60 people died when a boat capsized off the coast of Italy on March 1st. Italy’s Interior Minister said Greece’s containment policy may have pushed the boat further toward Italy, although Greek land was closer.
Mediterranean governments are calling for other EU countries to help front-line nations like theirs deal with increased migration.
Another boat sank in the Aegean Sea, killing four people.
There have been increases in illegal mass asylum rejections and deportations, ongoing illegal pushbacks, and people being moved to the mainland more rapidly. During the week 7th to 13th March 2022 alone, 15 boats carrying 506 people were stopped from reaching the islands by either the Turkish Coast Guard or Police.